Posts Categorised: Community Policing

Operational Strategies to Build Police-Community Trust and Reduce Crime in Minority Communities: The Minneapolis Cedar-Riverside Exploratory Policing Study

Manly Wharf/Flickr

“The objective of this project was to test the idea that crime prevention and enforcement efforts of police departments are strengthened when the police actively strive to improve their relationship with the community by using every interaction as an opportunity to demonstrate civil, unbiased, fair, and respectful policing. Given the diversity and unique challenges of Cedar-Riverside, it is believed that if the concepts of procedural justice and legitimacy can be successfully implemented there, they can be applied in a broad range of other communities throughout the United States.”

Source: Police Executive Research Forum (2018). Available from this link (open access).

Outside the Academy: Learning Community Policing through Community Engagement



“Recent events highlight the need for many law enforcement agencies to focus on transparency, re-establish legitimacy, and continue to improve strained community relations. Community policing, long lauded as a potential solution to improve community-police relations, may be an important component. The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) conceptually defines community policing as a “philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.” (COPS, 2014). ”

Source: Kringen, A., & Kringen, J. (2017). Ideas in American Policing and available from this link (open access).

Crisis Intervention Teams: An Evolution of Leadership in Community and Policing

Manly Beach from Shelly Beach/Flickr

“The primary intent of this article is to trace the historical context of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training and present the various elements of the Memphis CIT model as highlighted throughout the literature. We begin by operationalizing how the literature defines CIT training and the various elements that comprise its foundation.”

Source: Arey, J. B. (2016). Policing, 10/2, and available from this link (AIPM subscription journal).

Challenge and Promise of Using Community Policing Strategies To Prevent Violent Extremism: A Call for Community Partnerships With Law Enforcement To Enhance Public Safety.


“The report is based on a nationwide survey of law enforcement agencies, hundreds of hours of interviews, and site visits with police departments and community members around the country. Two main conclusions are drawn from this analysis. First, policing agencies face multiple obstacles to creating community partnerships that focus on preventing acts of violent extremism. Second, some law enforcement agencies are engaged in promising practices.”

Source: Schanzer, D., Kurzman, C., Toliver, J. & Miller, E. (2016). National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and available from this link.

Economics of Policing and Community Safety – Policy Makers’ Dialogue on Privacy and Information Sharing

Above Shelly Beach/R. Read

“The workshop brought together federal and provincial government representatives who are familiar with inter-disciplinary community safety and well-being models, as well as those familiar with provincial privacy and information sharing legislation. In summary, this workshop outlined a community development approach, the purpose of which was to have a conversation with agencies on how best to collaborate across disciplines and share relevant personal information in a safe and legal way to help to reduce elevated risk to individuals and families.”

Source: Public Safety Canada and available from this link.

Police staffing levels: disaggregating the variation



“The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between community type classifications and police strength. Prior research has examined other correlates, but no attempts have been made previously to examine the relationship between community type … and police staffing levels.”

Source: Hollis, M. & Wilson, J. (2015). Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 38(4), and available for AIPM staff and students from this link.