“Recent events highlight the need for many law enforcement agencies to focus on transparency, re-establish legitimacy, and continue to improve strained community relations. Community policing, long lauded as a potential solution to improve community-police relations, may be an important component. The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) conceptually defines community policing as a “philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.” (COPS, 2014). ”
Source: Kringen, A., & Kringen, J. (2017). Ideas in American Policing and available from this link (open access).
Manly Beach from Shelly Beach/Flickr
“The primary intent of this article is to trace the historical context of Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training and present the various elements of the Memphis CIT model as highlighted throughout the literature. We begin by operationalizing how the literature defines CIT training and the various elements that comprise its foundation.”
Source: Arey, J. B. (2016). Policing, 10/2, and available from this link (AIPM subscription journal).
“The report is based on a nationwide survey of law enforcement agencies, hundreds of hours of interviews, and site visits with police departments and community members around the country. Two main conclusions are drawn from this analysis. First, policing agencies face multiple obstacles to creating community partnerships that focus on preventing acts of violent extremism. Second, some law enforcement agencies are engaged in promising practices.”
Source: Schanzer, D., Kurzman, C., Toliver, J. & Miller, E. (2016). National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and available from this link.
Above Shelly Beach/R. Read
“The workshop brought together federal and provincial government representatives who are familiar with inter-disciplinary community safety and well-being models, as well as those familiar with provincial privacy and information sharing legislation. In summary, this workshop outlined a community development approach, the purpose of which was to have a conversation with agencies on how best to collaborate across disciplines and share relevant personal information in a safe and legal way to help to reduce elevated risk to individuals and families.”
Source: Public Safety Canada and available from this link.
“The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between community type classifications and police strength. Prior research has examined other correlates, but no attempts have been made previously to examine the relationship between community type … and police staffing levels.”
Source: Hollis, M. & Wilson, J. (2015). Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 38(4), and available for AIPM staff and students from this link.
Fishing in Manly/Flickr
A contested question in the international policing literature is whether it is possible to undertake effective anti-terrorism community policing. The NSW Police Force’s Counter Radicalisation Strategy involved a community engagement initiative that used community liaison officers, mostly working with Sydney Muslim communities. This study reviews the success of this initiative, drawing on data from a survey of Sydney Muslims.
Source: Dunn, K. et al. (2015). Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, available for AIPM staff and students from this link.
“This article compares the objectives of Project Eyewatch and Neighbourhood Watch through the prism of contemporary policing approaches to community engagement. It considers whether social media is a panacea for ailing Neighbourhood Watch networks and poor police communication practices. The article is based on a recent study that evaluated the efficacy of Project Eyewatch as a strategy for engaging the public in community policing.”
Source: Kelly, A. (2015). The Police Journal, 88(1), and available for AIPM staff and students from this link.