Posts Categorised: Corrections

Justice reinvestment in Australia: A review of the literature


“Justice reinvestment (JR) is a data-driven approach to reducing criminal justice system expenditure and improving criminal justice system outcomes through reductions in imprisonment and offending. JR is a comprehensive strategy that employs targeted, evidence-based interventions to achieve cost savings that can be reinvested to further improve social and criminal justice outcomes.”

Source: Willis M & Kapira M. (2018). AIC Research Report and available from this link (open access).

Evaluation of a domestic violence treatment program

Manly Harbour/M. Hardy

“The treatment program for domestic violence offenders known as DVEQUIPS does not appear to reduce the risk of re-offending, according to an evaluation of the program completed by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR). DVEQUIPS is a behaviour change program offered to medium and high-risk domestic violence offenders who are serving custodial or community-based sanctions and have a current or past domestic offence. The BOCSAR evaluation focussed on offenders placed on community-based sanctions.”

Source: Rahman, S. and Poynton, S. (2018). Crime and Justice Bulletin and available from this link (open access).

Safety and Cost Effectiveness of Private Prisons

Manly Beach

Manly Beach/Flickr

“Private prisons accommodate around one third of the state’s male prison population. The safe, secure and cost effective operation of these prisons is essential for the effective functioning of Victoria’s corrections system and for community safety. Like the broader prison system, private prisons face significant challenges. The male prison population has increased by approximately 50 per cent over the last seven years, primarily driven by an increase in remand prisoners.”

Source:  Victorian Auditor-General’s Office and available from this link (open access).

Categories: Corrections

Report on Government Services 2018

Sydney Skyline/M. Hardy

The annual Report on Government Services (RoGS) provides information on the equity, effectiveness and efficiency of government services in Australia. Two sections of interest to the public safety sector: Part C: Justice and Part D: Emergency Management

Source: Australia. Productivity Commission and available from this link (open access).

Criminal Justice Law Reform Challenges for the Future


“This chapter will examine Australia’s addiction to prison. It will commence by examining where we have arrived at in relation to our use of imprisonment, and why we must turn this around. In particular, it will consider the monetary and non-monetary costs of imprisonment, and the evidence on the crime prevention effects of prison. It will then posit what a new future in criminal justice might look like, drawing inspiration from recent development in the United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK). The role of the media, research on sentencing and public opinion, impact on victims, and the emerging case for justice reinvestment will also be considered.”

Source:  Bartels, L. (2017). New Directions for Law in Australia (Chapter 9) and available from this link (open access).

Australia’s criminal justice costs: an international comparison


Collins beach/PaperMonkey

“Overall, there is reason to believe that Australians are receiving worse value for criminal justice spending than many other countries. Australians report their concern about crime, governments respond by hiring more police, and this feeds through the system to increased incarceration and higher costs. But the original problem – Australians’ perception of crime – persists. Either the increased spending is not preventing the growth of crime, or it is failing to reassure the public of their safety, or both. This report underscores the need for criminal justice reform in Australia.”

Source: Institute of Public Affairs (2017) and available from this link (open access).

Cost-benefits of a domestic abuse program for Australian offenders

Dawn/G. Griffin

“Group interventions for domestically violent (DV) offenders can provide good investment returns to tax payers and government by reducing demand on scarce criminal justice system resources. The study provides insights into justice costs for DV offenders; a methodological template to determine cost benefits for offender programs and a contribution to cost-effective evidence-based crime reduction interventions.”

Source: Blatch, C., Webber, A., O’Sullivan, K.  van Doorn, G. (2017).  Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 3/1, available from this link (subscription journal).

Therapeutic programs in prisons

Golden morning in Manly/Flickr

“Timely access to prison-based therapeutic programs can be a factor in parole refusal and can potentially exacerbate overcrowding in the prison system. The audit looked at a selection of moderate and high intensity programs that aim to reduce reoffending by addressing addiction, violence, domestic abuse, sex offending and general offending.”

Source: Audit Office of NSW and available from this link (open access).

Interagency Performance Targets: A Case Study of New Zealand’s Results Programme

Manly Beach/Flickr

“New Zealand has been a beacon for government reforms for almost three decades. While the New Public Management Reforms of the late 1980s made agencies more efficient and responsive, they also created a new problem; agencies struggled to organize effectively around problems that crossed agency boundaries. New Zealand undertook a new round of reform in 2012 to address ten important and persistent crosscutting problems.”

Source: Scott, R. & Boyd, R. (2017). IBM Center for the Business of Government and available from this link (open access).

Criminal justice system – reliability and integration of data

Blue Groper/Flickr

“In this audit we examined how well Queensland’s criminal justice entities capture, report and use data, ensuring its reliability and integration across the justice system.
‘Criminal justice system entities’ (for the purpose of this report) include the Queensland Police Service and the Department of Justice and Attorney-General, through its Queensland Courts Service, Queensland Corrective Services, and Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions. ”

Source: Queensland Audit Office and available from this link (open access).