Posts Categorised: Terrorism and Counter-terrorism

Building resilience, demolishing accountability? The role of Europol in counter-terrorism

Manly dawn/Griffin

“In Europe, as in most countries of the world, building resilience to terrorism is a key concern at the moment. One way of building resilience out of many, is to normalise and depoliticise counterterrorist measures by giving powers over them to seemingly non-political and technical actors, the police. These attempts to build resilience to terrorism by normalising counterterrorist procedures may lead to losing political powers to bureaucracies and even third states. The role of Europol in countering terrorism serves as an example to demonstrate this development.”

Source: Jansson, J. (2018) Policing and Society, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Rescue, Response, and Resilience: A Critical Incident Review of the Orlando Public Safety Response to the Attack on the Pulse Nightclub

Clouds and pine trees/Flickr

“On June 12, 2016, what began as an active shooter incident when a lone gunman entered the Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida, and began shooting innocent clubgoers transitioned into a barricaded suspect with hostages incident and ended as the deadliest terrorist attack on American soil since September 11, 2001. One hundred two innocent people had been shot: 53 injured and 49 killed. The decisions made and actions taken by the men and women of the Orlando Police Department (OPD) and Orlando’s other law enforcement agencies embody the bravery, strength, and professionalism of our nation’s law enforcement and public safety first responders as well as the strength of the Orlando community.”

Source: Police Foundation and available from this link (open access).

Police community engagement and outreach in a counterterrorism context

The Bower/Manly

“Police engagement of Muslim communities to prevent terrorism is fraught with tension. This paper presents results from in-depth interviews with members of the Australian Federal Police Community Liaison Team (CLT) to understand the practice of community engagement and the tactical and strategic considerations that are required when police engage Muslim communities.”

Source: Cherney, A. (2018).  Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Counterterrorism Yearbook 2018

Manly Wharf/Eva

The Yearbook “is a comprehensive resource for academics and policymakers to build on their knowledge of counterterrorism developments in countries and regions around world. Each chapter in the Yearbook is written by internationally renowned subject matter and regional experts, who provide their insight and commentary on counterterrorism policy, legislation, operations and strategy for a specific country/region, concerning the year in review, and looking at challenges for the year ahead.”

Source: Kfir, I., Patel, S. & Batt, M. (2018). Australian Strategic Policy Institute and available from this link (open access).

Expert Panel on Terrorism and Violent Extremism Prevention and Response Powers: Reports 1 and 2


“The panel was tasked with examining and evaluating the operation and effectiveness of Victoria’s key legislation and related powers and procedures of relevant agencies to prevent, monitor, investigate and respond to terrorism. The second report from the panel extends the focus of the first report to include the full spectrum of policies and programs to prevent and intervene early in relation to emerging risks of violent extremism, or to respond rapidly to risks after they have eventuated.”

Source: Lay, K. & Harper, D. (2017). Government of Victoria and available from this link (open access).

National Counter-Terrorism Plan


“Australia’s National Counter-Terrorism Plan outlines the arrangements, governance and operational responsibilities of Australian governments and agencies engaged in countering terrorism. It sits below and complements Australia’s Counter-Terrorism Strategy and sets the framework for preventative activities, the response to, investigation of, and recovery from, terrorist acts and the preparations to support these activities.”

Source: Australian National Security and available from this link (open access).

Offence or defence? Approach and avoid goals in the multi-agency emergency response to a simulated terrorism attack


“When operating in multiteam settings, it is important that goals are cohesive between team members, especially in high-stakes, risky, and uncertain environments. This study explored goal consistency during a multiteam emergency response simulation. A total of n = 50 commanders from the UK Police Services, Fire and Rescue Services, and Ambulance Services took part in a simulated terrorism exercise, who were split into n = 13 teams.”

Source: Power, N., & Alison, L. (2017).  Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 90(1), and available from this link (open access).

Australia’s cyber security strategy: execution & evolution

Manly Dinghy

“This report provides an accessible and critical appraisal of the government’s implementation of the strategy over the past 12 months. It addresses each of the strategy’s five themes, highlighting achievements and areas of weakness; evaluates issues of execution; and suggests ways to evolve the delivery and initiatives of the strategy to achieve its objectives.”

Source: Hawkins, Z. & Nevill, L. (2017). Australian Strategic Policy Institute and available from this link (open access). 

Counterterrorism Yearbook 2017


Manly beach

“This yearbook looks at those areas around the world where terrorism and counterterrorism (CT) are in greatest focus. Each chapter examines CT developments in 2016, including the terrorist threat being faced and how governments and others have approached CT through both policy and operations. Countries and regions covered include Australia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, Europe, Turkey, UK, USA, Canada, Africa, Russia and China.”

Source: Carroll, J. (Editor) (2017). Australian Strategic Policy Institute and available from this link (open access).

Combating homegrown extremism: assessing common critiques and new approaches for CVE in North America

Banksia/E. Grimm

“Counter Violent Extremism (CVE) programs have become an increasingly important piece of counterterrorism strategies in North America since 2001 in order to combat homegrown extremism. Recent events have brought this issue into the fore once again. However, these programs are relatively new and under-evaluated, with many commentators noting their inadequacies. The purpose of this research note is to explore some of the common critiques of CVE programs, and to consider new approaches which might make CVE efforts more effective in the years to come.”

Source: Tierney, M. (2017). Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 12(1), and available from this link (subscription journal).