Posts Categorised: Crime and crime prevention

Justice reinvestment in Australia: A review of the literature


“Justice reinvestment (JR) is a data-driven approach to reducing criminal justice system expenditure and improving criminal justice system outcomes through reductions in imprisonment and offending. JR is a comprehensive strategy that employs targeted, evidence-based interventions to achieve cost savings that can be reinvested to further improve social and criminal justice outcomes.”

Source: Willis M & Kapira M. (2018). AIC Research Report and available from this link (open access).

Is the world getting better or worse? A look at the numbers

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“Was 2017 really the “worst year ever,” as some would have us believe? In his analysis of recent data on homicide, war, poverty, pollution and more, psychologist Steven Pinker finds that we’re doing better now in every one of them when compared with 30 years ago. But progress isn’t inevitable, and it doesn’t mean everything gets better for everyone all the time, Pinker says. Instead, progress is problem-solving, and we should look at things like climate change and nuclear war as problems to be solved, not apocalypses in waiting.”

Source: Pinker, S. (2018). TED talks and available from this link (open access). 

The bookThe better angels of our nature : a history of violence and humanity/Pinker available from AIPM Library.

Prevent crime and save money: Return-on-investment models in Australia

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“Finding effective ways to prevent crime is important. This project was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of combining data from a 12-year Australian longitudinal study (N=2,885) with prevention strategy investment data to estimate potential returns, including a reduction in intimate partner violence and prison entry. The project investigated the return on investment achievable in Victoria with a $150 million investment in a mix of six evidence based prevention strategies.”

Source: Heerde J. (2018). Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice and available from this link (open access).

The Police Response to Mass Demonstrations: Promising Practices and Lessons Learned

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“In the last several years, the nature of mass demonstrations in the United States has changed, including the types of issues protested and people’s means of organizing mass demonstrations. People are often protesting police and police actions in addition to economic or social issues. Many demonstrations are no longer planned by established organizations; rather, demonstrations happen more spontaneously and quickly, as individuals interested in certain issues can easily find each other on social media. Demonstrators can also use cell phones to send live video coverage of demonstrations to viewers around the world.”

Source: Police Executive Research Forum (2018). Available from this link (open access).

What about AI in criminal intelligence? From predictive policing to AI perspectives

Surf boat/M. Hardy

“The Gendarmerie Nationale in France carried out through the concept of criminal intelligence a way to provide relevant information to describe, understand and foresee crime at different scales: operational, tactic and strategic. The aim is to upgrade the process of decision-making. Because crime is nor a random process neither a deterministic process, some features exist to characterise it.”

Source: Perrot, P. (2017).  European Police Science and Research Bulletin and available from this link (open access).

Operational Strategies to Build Police-Community Trust and Reduce Crime in Minority Communities: The Minneapolis Cedar-Riverside Exploratory Policing Study

Manly Wharf/Flickr

“The objective of this project was to test the idea that crime prevention and enforcement efforts of police departments are strengthened when the police actively strive to improve their relationship with the community by using every interaction as an opportunity to demonstrate civil, unbiased, fair, and respectful policing. Given the diversity and unique challenges of Cedar-Riverside, it is believed that if the concepts of procedural justice and legitimacy can be successfully implemented there, they can be applied in a broad range of other communities throughout the United States.”

Source: Police Executive Research Forum (2018). Available from this link (open access).

The Changing Nature of Crime and Criminal Investigations


“The reality is that the science of criminal investigations is changing rapidly, and many law enforcement agencies are not prepared for the changes that are taking place. This report is a wake-up call for the policing profession. If we are to be successful in combating crime in the 21st century, agencies must have the training, tools, and skilled personnel to understand the changing nature of crime and to be resourceful in investigating new types of crime.”

Source:  Police Executive Research Forum (2018). Critical issues in policing series and available from this link (open access).

The Organizational and Practical Considerations of Starting a Crime Analysis Unit: A Case Study of a Midwestern Police Department


“This article examines the start-up of a crime analysis unit in a large, Midwest police department in 2015. Using a case study analysis, the article examines some of the early successes and the potential pitfalls of a new crime analysis unit. Specifically, the article will examine the importance of culture change, the recruitment and selection of crime analysts, and the ongoing effort to provide value to department customers, as well as the community.”

Source: Dolly, C., & Shawver, B. (2018). Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice and available from this link (subscription journal).

Bobbies on the net: a police workforce for the digital age


“As crime changes, police forces must respond. Technological developments in recent decades – most notably the growth of the internet – have digitised traditional forms of crime, providing new opportunities for fraudsters, sex offenders and drug dealers. Technology also creates a new frontline of crime, which previously would not have existed. The implications of the fourth industrial revolution are yet to be fully understood. Today, almost half of crime relies on digital technology, and that is likely to rise.”

Source: Hitchcock, A., Holmes, R., & Sundorph, E. (2017). and available from this link (open access).

Why police in schools won’t reduce youth crime in Victoria

Native Correa/PaperMonkey

“The Police Schools Involvement Program was abolished in Victoria in 2006. It is the only state without a police in schools program. In the 12 years since, the youth crime rate in Victoria has remained the lowest of all states in Australia (apart from the ACT) and the number of children involved in offending has dropped.”

Source: Johns, D. (2018). The Conversation and available from this link (open access).