Posts Categorised: Natural Disasters

Risk ownership framework for emergency management policy and practice

Collins Beach, Manly

“The purpose of this framework is to support better strategic management of risks associated with natural hazards. It does this through providing a series of tasks that support the allocation of risk ownership as part of strategic planning activities. This framework is not intended to replace current risk processes, but to enhance and add value to what is already there.”

Source: Young, C., Jones, R., Kumnick, M., Christopher, G. & Casey, N. (2017). Bushfire and Natural Hazards CRC and available from this link (open access)

Coordination of federal, state and local disaster management arrangements in Australia: lessons from the UK and the US

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Lilly Pilly/PaperMonkey

“This document discusses the gaps in Australia’s emergency management legislation and the coordination of federal, state and local disaster management arrangements in Australia. It analyses key legislation from the UK and US jurisdictions and reveals important lessons that could be adopted in Australia.”

Source: Eburn, M. (2017). ASPI Insights and avilable from this link (open access).

Improving the resilience of disaster management organizations through virtual communities of practice: A Delphi study

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Lilly Pilly/PaperMonkey

“A resilience-focused approach leads organizations to improve the management of disasters through being aware, flexible, trained, and prepared, having committed top managers and staff, and being part of a wider network of stakeholders. Based on the organizational resilience principles identified in the literature, this article analyses the potential for improvement of the organizational resilience of disaster management organizations through their involvement in virtual communities of practice (VCoPs).”

Source: Gimenez, R., Hernantes, J., Labaka, L., Hiltz, S. R., & Turoff, M. (2017). Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Whole of Government: the Solution to Managing Crises?

Kangaroo Paw/PaperMonkey

“The frequency and severity of natural disasters has placed a clear emphasis on the role of governments in responding to these crises. During the past decade, disaster events have had a significant impact on the relevant communities as well as raising questions regarding the role of government and the bureaucratic coordination of planning and response processes. These events have placed a renewed focus on the ability of governments to plan, prepare, and respond in an effective way to crises. They have also tended to indicate that there remain serious challenges to government coordination and that crises create a unique series of challenges for the public sector.”

Source: Carayannopoulos, G. (2017). Australian Journal of Public Administration, 76(2), and available from this link (subscription journal).

Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination in Emergencies: Towards a Predictable Model outlines

Fishing in Manly/Flickr

“The publication provides clear guidance to policy makers, practitioners and those involved in disaster preparedness, on the national coordination architecture and mechanisms for managing international assistance in five priority countries, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal and the Philippines. A resource for regional organisations, national disaster management authorities, government agencies with a role in disaster management and international disaster assistance, military, civil defence and police organisations, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, NGOs and UN agencies, will support all actors planning for and/or responding to disasters in the five priority countries.”

Source: Australian Civil-Military Centre (ACMC) and available from this link (open access).

The changing landscape of disaster volunteering: opportunities, responses and gaps in Australia

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Lilly Pilly

“This paper considers implications of this changing landscape for the resilience agenda in disaster management, with a focus on Australia. It first reviews major forces and trends impacting on disaster volunteering, highlighting four key developments: the growth of more diverse and episodic volunteering styles, the impact of new communications technology, greater private sector involvement, and growing government expectations of and intervention in the voluntary sector.”

Source: McLennan, B. J., Whittaker, J. & Handmer, J. (2016). Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards and available from this link (open access).

High stakes: disaster risk in New Zealand

Manly Grooves/Flickr

“This article considers the various risks that New Zealand faces from natural disasters, then assesses and alerts to shortcomings in how well those are recognised and managed. It also proposes steps to address the problems, then compares to the comprehensive national approach to disaster risk management taken in Japan.”

Source: Basher, R. Policy Quarterly and available from this link (open access).

Developing ‘Emergency Ready Communities’: a tale of two Victorian councils

North Head/M. Hardy

“This paper describes the approach, findings and lessons learned from a collaborative resilience project between Melton City Council and Wyndham City Council in Victoria. The project sought to educate community leaders about disaster resilience through participation in an “Emergency Ready Communities” forum. As part of the forum, members participated in a workshop to assess the resilience capacity of their communities using the Torrens Resilience Institute Community Disaster Resilience Scorecard. This was a valuable exercise in community engagement as well as in resilience.”

Source:  Mason, A., Crofts, E., Steenkamp, M. & Ramsey, I. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 31/3 and available from this link (open access).

Twitter turns ten: its use to date in disaster management

Manly sunrise/Flickr

“This article explores current literature to identify the main uses of Twitter in emergency management over the past ten years in Australia and overseas. It finds several uses across the ‘disaster cycle’ including as a medium for identifying hazard risk, community engagement for disaster mitigation and preparedness, early warning communication, crowdsourcing to provide real-time information, emotional support, identifying needs and vulnerabilities of affected communities, and allocating resources during recovery. This paper concludes by examining some relatively untapped uses of Twitter in building disaster resilience including for social capital formation, capacity building, disaster virtual communities-of-practice, and social change.”

Source: Duffy, N. (2016). Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 31/2, and available from this link (open access).

 

Crises, disasters and politics: walking the tightrope

Manly Beach seagulls/Flickr

“This short discussion paper is based on our collaborative and ongoing research into crisis and disaster management and its intersection with the role of politicians in communicating with various publics before, during and after crises and disasters. It is designed to translate our recently-published research into practical guidance for a broad range of policy officials with different backgrounds and experiences as well as different roles in issues, crisis and disaster management.”

Source: McLean, H., & Ames, K. (2016). Australian Policy Online and available from this link.