Posts Categorised: Economic aspects

Justice reinvestment in Australia: A review of the literature


“Justice reinvestment (JR) is a data-driven approach to reducing criminal justice system expenditure and improving criminal justice system outcomes through reductions in imprisonment and offending. JR is a comprehensive strategy that employs targeted, evidence-based interventions to achieve cost savings that can be reinvested to further improve social and criminal justice outcomes.”

Source: Willis M & Kapira M. (2018). AIC Research Report and available from this link (open access).

Prevent crime and save money: Return-on-investment models in Australia

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“Finding effective ways to prevent crime is important. This project was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of combining data from a 12-year Australian longitudinal study (N=2,885) with prevention strategy investment data to estimate potential returns, including a reduction in intimate partner violence and prison entry. The project investigated the return on investment achievable in Victoria with a $150 million investment in a mix of six evidence based prevention strategies.”

Source: Heerde J. (2018). Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice and available from this link (open access).

Accelerating Gender Parity: A Toolkit


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“Over the past 10 years, the World Economic Forum has brought together a community of influential leaders committed to addressing the global gender gap with a focus on the economic aspects of gender parity. We have benchmarked national, regional and industry gender gaps and gathered best practices adopted by leading companies in all regions of the world. The principles showcased in this toolkit highlight several approaches taken to closing gender gaps in companies across the globe. Each of these practices has a potentially transformative role but is most effective within a consistent company-wide strategy. For such an approach to work, leaders must commit for the long-term and manage some of the short-term barriers and trade-offs.”

Source: World Economic Forum and available from this link (open access).

Australia’s criminal justice costs: an international comparison


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“Overall, there is reason to believe that Australians are receiving worse value for criminal justice spending than many other countries. Australians report their concern about crime, governments respond by hiring more police, and this feeds through the system to increased incarceration and higher costs. But the original problem – Australians’ perception of crime – persists. Either the increased spending is not preventing the growth of crime, or it is failing to reassure the public of their safety, or both. This report underscores the need for criminal justice reform in Australia.”

Source: Institute of Public Affairs (2017) and available from this link (open access).

Cost-benefits of a domestic abuse program for Australian offenders

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“Group interventions for domestically violent (DV) offenders can provide good investment returns to tax payers and government by reducing demand on scarce criminal justice system resources. The study provides insights into justice costs for DV offenders; a methodological template to determine cost benefits for offender programs and a contribution to cost-effective evidence-based crime reduction interventions.”

Source: Blatch, C., Webber, A., O’Sullivan, K.  van Doorn, G. (2017).  Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 3/1, available from this link (subscription journal).

Policing cost reduction strategies: an international survey


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“This article examines the results of a survey of 162 police agencies from Australasia, Canada and the United Kingdom and the approaches they adopted to maintain service delivery levels in the current fiscal environment. Nearly two-thirds of the agencies had experienced a decrease in their operating budget since 2007 and a number of agencies had experienced a change in their source of funding and in the amount of funding received. The decreases ranged from 5% to 20%. In response to the decreases, a number of agencies did not fill sworn vacancies, cut academy recruit classes and changed work schedules. Other agencies adopted strategies that included management structure reorganisations, the contracting of services and programs which limited the types of calls from the public to which an officer was dispatched.”

Source: den Heyer, G. (2017). Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 12(1), and available from this link (subscription journal).

Therapeutic programs in prisons

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“Timely access to prison-based therapeutic programs can be a factor in parole refusal and can potentially exacerbate overcrowding in the prison system. The audit looked at a selection of moderate and high intensity programs that aim to reduce reoffending by addressing addiction, violence, domestic abuse, sex offending and general offending.”

Source: Audit Office of NSW and available from this link (open access).

Costs of rural fire servicing

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“An independent assessment, commissioned by the Fire Services Commission Board, puts the current operational cost of providing rural fire services at $35 million a year. This is the first time a comprehensive national picture of rural fire costs has been compiled. One of the key findings of the Fire Service review is that our fire service needs proper funding – particularly in rural areas. Having a robust assessment of this cost is essential to inform future planning under the new single fire service, Fire and Emergency New Zealand (starting 1 July 2017).”

Source: Martin Jenkins Consulting (NZ). Available from this link (open access).


Contingent workforce: management and procurement



“Due to the absence of workforce plans, the agencies were unable to demonstrate their use of contingent labour is the best resourcing strategy to address any skills gaps. Additionally, the Department of Industry and Transport for NSW have limited oversight of their contingent workforce. Information is incomplete, reports are onerous to produce and there is limited reporting to the agencies’ executive. None of the agencies routinely monitor nor centrally document the performance of contingent workers to ensure services are delivered as planned.”

Source: Audit Office of NSW (2017) and available from this link (open access).

Value Creation and Capture Framework

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“Value creation and capture has the potential to improve productivity, increase access to jobs and employment, enhance public amenity and unlock commercial activities. The framework focuses on getting better value for Victorian taxpayers’ money from all future infrastructure projects. It describes a consistent, concerted approach to assessing and increasing the economic, social and environmental benefits of investments in Victoria. The Value Creation and Capture Framework provides guidance to all government departments, business, industry and community sector partners on ways that government will generate more industry and skills development, affordable housing, open spaces, community facilities and energy efficiency from future projects.”

Source: Victoria. Dept of Premier and Cabinet (2017). Available from this link (open access).