Posts Categorised: Economic aspects

Accelerating Gender Parity: A Toolkit


Collins beach/PaperMonkey

“Over the past 10 years, the World Economic Forum has brought together a community of influential leaders committed to addressing the global gender gap with a focus on the economic aspects of gender parity. We have benchmarked national, regional and industry gender gaps and gathered best practices adopted by leading companies in all regions of the world. The principles showcased in this toolkit highlight several approaches taken to closing gender gaps in companies across the globe. Each of these practices has a potentially transformative role but is most effective within a consistent company-wide strategy. For such an approach to work, leaders must commit for the long-term and manage some of the short-term barriers and trade-offs.”

Source: World Economic Forum and available from this link (open access).

Australia’s criminal justice costs: an international comparison


Collins beach/PaperMonkey

“Overall, there is reason to believe that Australians are receiving worse value for criminal justice spending than many other countries. Australians report their concern about crime, governments respond by hiring more police, and this feeds through the system to increased incarceration and higher costs. But the original problem – Australians’ perception of crime – persists. Either the increased spending is not preventing the growth of crime, or it is failing to reassure the public of their safety, or both. This report underscores the need for criminal justice reform in Australia.”

Source: Institute of Public Affairs (2017) and available from this link (open access).

Cost-benefits of a domestic abuse program for Australian offenders

Dawn/G. Griffin

“Group interventions for domestically violent (DV) offenders can provide good investment returns to tax payers and government by reducing demand on scarce criminal justice system resources. The study provides insights into justice costs for DV offenders; a methodological template to determine cost benefits for offender programs and a contribution to cost-effective evidence-based crime reduction interventions.”

Source: Blatch, C., Webber, A., O’Sullivan, K.  van Doorn, G. (2017).  Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 3/1, available from this link (subscription journal).

Policing cost reduction strategies: an international survey


Manly dawn/Griffin

“This article examines the results of a survey of 162 police agencies from Australasia, Canada and the United Kingdom and the approaches they adopted to maintain service delivery levels in the current fiscal environment. Nearly two-thirds of the agencies had experienced a decrease in their operating budget since 2007 and a number of agencies had experienced a change in their source of funding and in the amount of funding received. The decreases ranged from 5% to 20%. In response to the decreases, a number of agencies did not fill sworn vacancies, cut academy recruit classes and changed work schedules. Other agencies adopted strategies that included management structure reorganisations, the contracting of services and programs which limited the types of calls from the public to which an officer was dispatched.”

Source: den Heyer, G. (2017). Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, 12(1), and available from this link (subscription journal).

Therapeutic programs in prisons

Golden morning in Manly/Flickr

“Timely access to prison-based therapeutic programs can be a factor in parole refusal and can potentially exacerbate overcrowding in the prison system. The audit looked at a selection of moderate and high intensity programs that aim to reduce reoffending by addressing addiction, violence, domestic abuse, sex offending and general offending.”

Source: Audit Office of NSW and available from this link (open access).

Costs of rural fire servicing

Manly Sunset/Flickr

“An independent assessment, commissioned by the Fire Services Commission Board, puts the current operational cost of providing rural fire services at $35 million a year. This is the first time a comprehensive national picture of rural fire costs has been compiled. One of the key findings of the Fire Service review is that our fire service needs proper funding – particularly in rural areas. Having a robust assessment of this cost is essential to inform future planning under the new single fire service, Fire and Emergency New Zealand (starting 1 July 2017).”

Source: Martin Jenkins Consulting (NZ). Available from this link (open access).


Contingent workforce: management and procurement



“Due to the absence of workforce plans, the agencies were unable to demonstrate their use of contingent labour is the best resourcing strategy to address any skills gaps. Additionally, the Department of Industry and Transport for NSW have limited oversight of their contingent workforce. Information is incomplete, reports are onerous to produce and there is limited reporting to the agencies’ executive. None of the agencies routinely monitor nor centrally document the performance of contingent workers to ensure services are delivered as planned.”

Source: Audit Office of NSW (2017) and available from this link (open access).

Value Creation and Capture Framework

Manly sunset/Flickr

“Value creation and capture has the potential to improve productivity, increase access to jobs and employment, enhance public amenity and unlock commercial activities. The framework focuses on getting better value for Victorian taxpayers’ money from all future infrastructure projects. It describes a consistent, concerted approach to assessing and increasing the economic, social and environmental benefits of investments in Victoria. The Value Creation and Capture Framework provides guidance to all government departments, business, industry and community sector partners on ways that government will generate more industry and skills development, affordable housing, open spaces, community facilities and energy efficiency from future projects.”

Source: Victoria. Dept of Premier and Cabinet (2017). Available from this link (open access).

Policing in austerity: time to go lean?



“The purpose of this paper is to consider the way in which the police service in England and Wales may be able to deal with significant cuts in government funding. The concept of “lean”, as developed in Japanese manufacturing in the 1950s, is proposed as a method by which waste can be reduced at the same time as improvements being made in policing outcomes. Characteristics of police culture and leadership are presented as potential blockages to the successful implementation of lean.”

Source: Smith, R. (2016). International Journal of Emergency Services, 5/2, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Assessing the benefits of organized voluntary emergency services: Concepts and evidence from flood protection in Austria

North Head/ M.Hardy

“The purpose of this paper is to reveal the benefits of organized voluntary emergency services (OVES) in the case of flood events, since such information is mostly not available, but needed to analyze the total effects of disasters and respective responses. Moreover, the efficient allocation of scarce public resources for emergency and risk management should be based on empirical data.”

Source: Bachner, G. (2016). Disaster Prevention and Management, 25/3, and available from this link (AIPM subscription journal).