Spit to Manly walk/Flickr
“This study investigated the nature and extent of out of court resolutions for domestic abuse using the Freedom of Information Act. Out of court resolutions were used by every UK police force except Scotland to respond to over 5,000 domestic abuse incidents (including intimate partner abuse) in 2014. Some of these incidents related to offences with sentencing tariffs up to life imprisonment. Such widespread use has been taking place ‘under the radar’ in stark contrast to police guidance, has immediate implications for policy and practice, and fundamentally shifts the research terrain in this field.”
Source: Westmarland, N., Johnson, K., & McGlynn, C. (2017). The British Journal of Criminology, and available from this link (open access).
View from Shelly Beach/Flickr
“The use of ambulance data for crime reduction is a form of injury surveillance. Under this practice, data for assault-based injuries is shared with the police and Community Safety Partnerships (CSPs) to help them identify where violent crime is taking place, which in turn allows police to target their resources to reduce violent offending.”
Source: Sutherland, A., Strang, L., Stepanek, M. and Giacomantonio, C. (2017). RAND Research Report and available from this link (open access).
“Policing domestic violence is a complex area in which there are divergent views about the extent to which front line police action should be mandated by legislation and guidance. This study set in Victoria, Australia raised questions about the balance between discretion and compulsion in policing domestic violence through researching the implementation of the Code of Practice used to respond to domestic violence incidents.”
Source: Diemer, K., Ross, S., Humphreys, C., & Healey, L. (2017). Police Practice and Research, and available from this link (subscription journal).
“How should research and new ways of thinking about violence improve its measurement? Could improved measurement change policy? The book is a guide to how the measurement of violence can be best achieved. It shows how to make femicide, rape, domestic violence, and FGM visible in official statistics. It offers practical guidance on definitions, indicators and coordination mechanisms. It reflects on theoretical debates on ‘what is gender’, ‘what is violence’, and ‘the concept of coercive control’. and introduces the concept of ‘gender saturated context’. Analysing the socially constructed nature of statistics and the links between knowledge and power, it sets new standards and guidelines to influence the measurement of violence in the coming decades.”
Source: Walby, S. ert al. (2017). Policy Press and available from this link (open access).
“It summarises the findings of the evaluation of the Multiagency Investigation and Support Team (MIST), which involves the co-location of a Child Abuse Squad team (WA Police), police and Child Protection and Family Support specialist child interviewers, a CPFS worker, Child and Family Advocates, and therapeutic support services to work as part of an integrated team in Armadale, Western Australia.”
Source: Bromfield, L., & Herbert, J. (2017). Australian Centre for Child Protection and available from this link (open access).
Stones & rocks/Eva
“Does analysis of intimate partner violence (IPV) among Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal couples in the Northern Territory (NT), Australia, reveal any predictable escalation in frequency or severity of harm over a 4-year observation period?”
Source: Kerr, J., Whyte, C., & Strang, H. (2017). Cambridge Journal of Evidence-Based Policing and available from this link (open access).
“The purpose of this paper is twofold. The first goal is to conduct a cross-national examination of law enforcement officer attitudes about domestic violence (DV) by comparing officer attitudes in the USA to officer attitudes in Australia. The second goal is to examine law enforcement officer attitudes about DV using a gender lens to identify whether patterns in attitudes among male and female officers in the USA are similar to those among Australian male and female law enforcement officers.”
Source: McPhedran, S., Gover, A. R., & Mazerolle, P. (2017). Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 40(2), and available from this link (subscription journal).
“Group interventions for domestically violent (DV) offenders can provide good investment returns to tax payers and government by reducing demand on scarce criminal justice system resources. The study provides insights into justice costs for DV offenders; a methodological template to determine cost benefits for offender programs and a contribution to cost-effective evidence-based crime reduction interventions.”
Source: Blatch, C., Webber, A., O’Sullivan, K. van Doorn, G. (2017). Journal of Criminological Research, Policy and Practice, 3/1, available from this link (subscription journal).
“The National Framework for Collaborative Police Action to Intimate Partner Violence is a document designed to provide police services across Canada with a guide to leading practices to address intimate partner violence (IPV) and to help police leaders better inform policy development and subsequent police action. The National Framework espouses the importance of a multi-agency, multi-pronged collaborative model designed to keep individuals, families, and communities safe.”
Source: Gill, C., & Fitch, C. L. (2016). Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 1(3), available from this link (open access).
“Director of the Institute of Criminology at the University of Cambridge, Professor Lawrence Sherman, has delivered the findings of a comprehensive study, covering almost 215,000 incidents of family and domestic violence in Western Australia from July 2010 to July 2015. “Domestic violence in Western Australia in this time was dominated by just two percent of the 36,000 offenders,” said Professor Sherman. “This “felonious few” of 707 offenders caused over half of all the harm from such abuse.” The report commissioned by Western Australia Police found most of the remaining 98 percent of offenders caused no physical injuries to their victims, and recommends testing new strategies for preventing serious harm among the “felonious few”.”
Source: Sherman, L. (2017). WA Police and available from this link (open access).