Posts Categorised: International Relations

Oversight of intelligence agencies: a comparison of the Five Eyes nations

Manly dawn/Griffin

“This Research Paper first provides information by country on the intelligence communities, key mechanisms for oversight of the intelligence community and any recent changes to, or reviews of, the oversight frameworks in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the UK. This is followed by comparative analysis that highlights some of the similarities and differences between those countries (and the US) in the arrangements that exist for intelligence oversight.”

Source: Barker, C. & Petrie, C. (2017). Australian Parliamentary Library Research Paper and available from this link (open access). 

(Re)configuring the criminal justice response to human trafficking: a complex-systems perspective


“The multidimensional complexities associated with the criminal justice response to human trafficking are well documented. The transient and subversive nature of human trafficking as organised crime and the large number of multidisciplinary role-players involved in coordinating cross jurisdictional efforts to prevent, investigate and prosecute such cases, contribute to this complex undertaking. Complex systems theory suggests that a complex social problem such as human trafficking cannot be approached by using a linear or simplified lens, and requires a holistic perspective on the complex interactions between actors, and emergent behaviour in both the criminal justice system and the human trafficking system that it seeks to combat.”

Source: van der Watt, M., & van der Westhuizen, A. (2017). Police Practice and Research, and available from this link (subscription journal).

The Rise and Reach of Transnational Policing

Clouds and pine trees/Flickr

“Criminologist Professor Ben Bowling explains that as globalised crime and cyber offenses ramp up, policing activities too are increasingly crossing national borders, raising problematic questions around governance and public accountability. Ben also examines issues around stop-and-search police powers in the global context.”

Source: Bowling, Ben (2017). Melbourne University Up Close podcast (40 mins) and available from this link (open access).

The RAMSI legacy for Pacific policing



“Drawing on more than 100 interviews, this publication summarises preliminary findings from a research project supported by the Australian Federal Police (AFP) that has been examining the experience and impact of RAMSI’s PI contingent on its individual participants, their home police organisations, and on regional policing more broadly.”

Source: Putt, J., Dinnen, S.,  Keen, M., & Batley, J. (2017). ANU College of Asia & the Pacific and available from this link (open access). 

The Global Risks Report 2017

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“2016 saw a crystallization of political risks that have led to the election of populist leaders, a loss of faith in institutions and increased strain on international cooperation. We should not be surprised by this: for the past decade, the Global Risks Report has been drawing attention to persistent economic, social and political factors that have been shaping our risks landscape.”

World Economic Forum (2017). Available from this link (open access).


Report of the 2017 Independent Intelligence Review

Manly Sunset/Flickr

“The 2017 Independent Intelligence Review found that Australia’s intelligence agencies are highly capable and held in high regard by their international partner agencies. The Review also found that as a result of transforming geopolitical, economic, societal and technological changes, the intelligence community will be faced with challenges that will intensify over the coming decade.”

Source: L’Estrange, M. & Merchant, S. (2017). Dept of Prime Minister and Cabinet and available from this link (open access).

Securitising transnational crime: the political drivers of police cooperation between Australia and Indonesia

Grasses/Eva“Why are national police forces increasingly seeking to work together to combat crime? Scholars agree that these cooperative efforts are not simply a response to a growth in transnational crime but debate remains about the broader social and political dynamics involved. Through a case study of the policing relationship between Australia and Indonesia, this article argues that the increasing tendency of governments to frame transnational crime as a security issue is a central driver of international police cooperation. To illustrate this ‘securitising’ discourse, the article discusses various ‘wars on crime’ prosecuted by the two countries since the 1970s.”

Source: McKenzie, M. (2017).  Policing and Society, and available from this link (subscription journal).

OSCE Guidebook Intelligence-Led Policing



“This guidebook presents intelligence-led policing (ILP) as a modern and proactive law enforcement model, and a realistic alternative to traditionally reactive forms of policing for OSCE participating States. ILP, which has already been adopted in a number of countries in recent years with promising results, combines intelligence gathering, evaluation and analysis with informed decision-making procedures and mechanisms, thus providing more efficient and effective management of national law enforcement.”

Source: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and available from this link (open access).

Counterterrorism Yearbook 2017


Manly beach

“This yearbook looks at those areas around the world where terrorism and counterterrorism (CT) are in greatest focus. Each chapter examines CT developments in 2016, including the terrorist threat being faced and how governments and others have approached CT through both policy and operations. Countries and regions covered include Australia, Indonesia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, Europe, Turkey, UK, USA, Canada, Africa, Russia and China.”

Source: Carroll, J. (Editor) (2017). Australian Strategic Policy Institute and available from this link (open access).

Creating public value in global wicked problems


Masked Lapwings/Griffin

“This essay seeks to explore in which way Public Value Theory (PVT) would be useful in guiding analysis and action with respect to global wicked issues like forced migration. We found that (1) PVT enables envisioning global, collective, public value as well as value for individuals, communities and states by including voices of ‘all affected interests’ even when discourses prove to be extremely conflicting; (2) PVT enables acknowledging collaborative innovation as a possible means of facilitating cross-sectoral and local – global (transnational) connections which might help reframing wicked global issues and delivering results; (3) When PVT is applied to global wicked issues it offers an opportunity to explore which kind of institutional innovation is required to convene an appropriate authorizing structure in the ‘institutional void’ at the transnational level.”

Source: Geuijen, K., Moore, M., Cederquist, A., Ronning, R., & van Twist, M. (2017). Public Management Review, 19(5), and available from this link (open access).