“This study provides a unique empirical window into an inter-organisational investigation against a large organised crime network in Norway. Building on interview data from the participants in the multi-agency investigation team that was summoned for this case, the article discusses co-ordination issues that arise when organisations with different goals and interests collaborate to reach a common goal. The article studies co-ordination from inside of the investigation team and discusses the interchangeable use of criminal and administrative law. While bridging organisational boundaries enable agencies to pool powers, co-ordination across organisations may challenge the protection of sometimes conflicting aims and interests.”
Source: Bjelland, H. F., & Vestby, A. (2017). Policing and Society, available from this link (subscription journal).
“The 2017 report has identified six key enablers of organised crime in Australia as follows: Money laundering; Technology and digital infrastructure; Professional facilitators; Identity crime; Corruption within the public sector; Violence and intimidation. The report explores existing and emerging organised crime threats affecting the Australian community and our national interests.”
Source: Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission (ACIC) and available from this link (open access).
“The Police Foundation and Perpetuity Research have completed a two-year study which focused on understanding the impact of serious organised crime in local communities and how this threat is tackled locally. Some of the most harmful crimes are unacknowledged or not prioritised by the police due to low levels of reporting and the limitations of data collected on such crime. We developed a narrative for organised crime that is rooted at the local level, with a view to recommending local solutions to improving understanding and reducing these harms.”
Source: The Police Foundation and available from this link (open access).
“The report indicates that identity crime continues to be one of the most common crimes in Australia. It also estimates that the annual economic impact of identity crime exceeds $2.2 billion and supports findings from the Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission that identity crime continues to be a key enabler of serious and organised crime.”
Source: Australia. Attorney-General’s Department. (2016). Available from this link (open access).
“The Australian Crime Commission has conservatively estimated that serious and organised crime cost Australia $36b in 2013–14 (ACC 2015). According to published national statistics, the total value of assets confiscated in Australian jurisdictions between 1995–96 and 2013–14 was approximately $800m, averaging around $44m annually. The discrepancy between these two amounts clearly shows more needs to be done to target the profits of organised crime. This paper reviews Australia’s current approaches to confiscating unexplained wealth and aims to identify any barriers to their implementation, to inform effective procedural reforms to the laws and better target the proceeds of crime of Australia’s most serious criminals.”
Source: Smith, M. & Smith, R. (2016). Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice no. 523 and available from this link (open access).
“This special report examines how government, business and the community in four nations share information about organised crime. Its key finding is that the Australian Government, businesses and community as a whole must be open to new kinds of information sharing partnerships.”
Source: Connery, D. (2016). ASPI Special report and available from this link (open access).
Storm from North Head/Flickr
Organised crime groups are grooming public servants to leak confidential information to help them break the law, with public sector agencies largely in the dark about the potential for corruption. From consulting across the public sector, IBAC identified that many public sector bodies were unaware of this threat. These bodies did not address the risks posed by organised crime in their organisational risk assessments and often lacked appropriate prevention and detection measures tailored to this threat.
Source: Victoria. IBAC and available from this link.
Storm over Manly Beach/Flickr
This report analyses serious, transnational and organised crime and the harms it causes to Australia’s interest, with the aim of reinvigorating a discussion of this critical matter amongst Australians. This web impacts on our national interests to the sum of an estimated $15 billion per year. That very conservative estimate includes costs to government through denied revenue and increased law enforcement costs. But there are also social, health and economic harms to individuals, community and business.
Source: Connery, D., Murphy, C. & Channer, H. (2015). ASPI Special Report and available from this link.
“Dr Russell Smith from the Australian Institute of Criminology talks about organised crime and public sector corruption.”
Source: Victoria. Independent Broad-based Anti-corruption Commission (IBAC) and available from this link. Podcast 12:33 minutes
“Addressing organized crime through public networks from an institutional perspective constituted one of the major innovations in crime control in the Netherlands; with significant implications for the manner in which the challenging problem of organized crime is governed by public administration.”
Source: Bruns, M.(2014). Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, 16/2, pp. 161-174 and available for AIPM staff and students from this link.