Posts Categorised: Community engagement

Procedural justice training for police recruits: results of a randomized controlled trial

Collins Beach

“Procedural justice training for police officers is designed to improve officers’ interactions with the public. Aside from the fact that it is a given that citizens deserve to be treated in a fair manner by authorities such as the police, it is expected, based on the literature, that if the police act in a procedurally just manner they will be seen as more legitimate and citizens will subsequently be more willing to cooperate or comply with them. The present study was designed to evaluate the impact of a specifically designed procedural justice knowledge and skills-based training program on newly recruited police officers’ attitudes and interactions with the public.”

Source: Antrobus, E., Thompson, I. & Ariel, B. (2018). J Exp Criminol and available available from this link (subscription journal).

Interagency collaboration models for people with mental ill health in contact with the police: a systematic scoping review


“We identified 13 different interagency collaboration models catering for a range of mental health-related interactions. All but one of these models involved the police and mental health services or professionals. Several models have sufficient literature to warrant full systematic reviews of their effectiveness, whereas others need robust evaluation, by randomised controlled trial where appropriate. Future evaluations should focus on health-related outcomes and the impact on key stakeholders.”

Source: Parker, A., Scantlebury, A., Booth, A., MacBryde, J. C., Scott, W. J., Wright, K., & McDaid, C. (2018). BMJ open, and available from this link (open access).

Operational Strategies to Build Police-Community Trust and Reduce Crime in Minority Communities: The Minneapolis Cedar-Riverside Exploratory Policing Study

Manly Wharf/Flickr

“The objective of this project was to test the idea that crime prevention and enforcement efforts of police departments are strengthened when the police actively strive to improve their relationship with the community by using every interaction as an opportunity to demonstrate civil, unbiased, fair, and respectful policing. Given the diversity and unique challenges of Cedar-Riverside, it is believed that if the concepts of procedural justice and legitimacy can be successfully implemented there, they can be applied in a broad range of other communities throughout the United States.”

Source: Police Executive Research Forum (2018). Available from this link (open access).

Police community engagement and outreach in a counterterrorism context

The Bower/Manly

“Police engagement of Muslim communities to prevent terrorism is fraught with tension. This paper presents results from in-depth interviews with members of the Australian Federal Police Community Liaison Team (CLT) to understand the practice of community engagement and the tactical and strategic considerations that are required when police engage Muslim communities.”

Source: Cherney, A. (2018).  Journal of Policing, Intelligence and Counter Terrorism, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Police perceptions of young people: a qualitative analysis


“Police views of young people inform the way they exercise discretion over this group. However, few studies have sought to formally document and examine police views of young people. The limited existing research is also mostly dated. This article begins to address this gap in the literature by presenting the results of semi-structured qualitative interviews with 41 police officers from Queensland, Australia. Stemming from a larger study of Police-Citizens Youth Clubs and using a grounded theory approach to data analysis, the article demonstrates the key ways in which police conceptualised young people.”

Source: Richards, K., Cross, C., & Dwyer, A. (2018). Police Practice and Research, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Contact is a stronger predictor of attitudes toward police than race: a state-of-the-art review

Blue Groper/Flickr

“This scoping review thoroughly scanned research on race, contacts with police and attitudes toward police. An exploratory meta-analysis then assessed the strength of their associations and interaction in Canada and the USA. Key knowledge gaps and specific future research needs, synthetic and primary, were identified. The paper aims to discuss these issues.”

Source: Alberton, A. & Gorey, K. (2018). Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Police Effectiveness in a Changing World: Slough site report

Clouds and pine trees/Flickr

“Throughout the project we drew on the wider evidence-base on police effectiveness to promote local partnerships, to better deal with the ‘changing world’ and to find sustainable solutions to local crime problems. Most importantly we sought to learn lessons from the process of working with forces on the ground.”

Source: The Police Foundation (UK) and available from this link (open access).

Leadership to create public value and Q-methodology


“Quoc Vo from Thames Valley Police worked with Professor Jean Hartley from The Open University as a Senior Practitioner Fellow on the leadership to create public value research project. Quoc talks about the study of how police officers and staff, as well as public service partners and members of the public see the most important policing priorities and pioneering the use of Q-methodology.”

Source: Vo, Q. (2017). The Open University Business School YouTube Channel and available from this link (open access).

Evaluating the Effects of Police Body-Worn Cameras: A Randomized Controlled Trial


“Police officer body-worn cameras (BWCs) have been promoted as a technological mechanism that will improve policing and the perceived legitimacy of the police and legal institutions. While there is a national movement to deploy BWCs widely, evidence of their effectiveness is limited. To estimate the average effects of BWCs, we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 2,224 Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) officers in Washington, DC. The primary outcomes of interest were documented uses of force and civilian complaints, although we also measure a variety of additional policing activities and judicial outcomes. We estimated very small average treatment effects on all measured outcomes, none of which rose to statistical significance.”

Source: Yokum, D., Ravishankar, A., & Coppock, A. (2017). The Lab@DC and available from this link (open access).

Police officers’ perceptions of organizational justice and their trust in the public


“Research in organizational psychology has consistently demonstrated that employee perceptions of organizational justice have significant effects on employee attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors. Similar studies utilizing the organizational justice model in policing have also noted these effects, including the relationship of justice perceptions with officer attitudes toward the public. Recent theoretical developments in policing contend that the association between internal perceptions of justice and external attitudes may be the result of organizational and supervisory practices that ‘trickle-down’ into the police-community relationship.”

Source: Carr, J. D., & Maxwell, S. R. (2017). Police Practice and Research and available from this link (open access).