Posts Categorised: Community engagement

Evaluating the Effects of Police Body-Worn Cameras: A Randomized Controlled Trial


“Police officer body-worn cameras (BWCs) have been promoted as a technological mechanism that will improve policing and the perceived legitimacy of the police and legal institutions. While there is a national movement to deploy BWCs widely, evidence of their effectiveness is limited. To estimate the average effects of BWCs, we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 2,224 Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) officers in Washington, DC. The primary outcomes of interest were documented uses of force and civilian complaints, although we also measure a variety of additional policing activities and judicial outcomes. We estimated very small average treatment effects on all measured outcomes, none of which rose to statistical significance.”

Source: Yokum, D., Ravishankar, A., & Coppock, A. (2017). The Lab@DC and available from this link (open access).

Police officers’ perceptions of organizational justice and their trust in the public


“Research in organizational psychology has consistently demonstrated that employee perceptions of organizational justice have significant effects on employee attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors. Similar studies utilizing the organizational justice model in policing have also noted these effects, including the relationship of justice perceptions with officer attitudes toward the public. Recent theoretical developments in policing contend that the association between internal perceptions of justice and external attitudes may be the result of organizational and supervisory practices that ‘trickle-down’ into the police-community relationship.”

Source: Carr, J. D., & Maxwell, S. R. (2017). Police Practice and Research and available from this link (open access).

Outside the Academy: Learning Community Policing through Community Engagement



“Recent events highlight the need for many law enforcement agencies to focus on transparency, re-establish legitimacy, and continue to improve strained community relations. Community policing, long lauded as a potential solution to improve community-police relations, may be an important component. The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) conceptually defines community policing as a “philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.” (COPS, 2014). ”

Source: Kringen, A., & Kringen, J. (2017). Ideas in American Policing and available from this link (open access).

A quantitative study of Prince Albert’s crime/risk reduction approach to community safety



“Faced with escalating crime rates and increasing demands for services, the Prince Albert Police Service led a mobilization effort to implement a crime/risk reduction strategy called Community Mobilization Prince Albert (CMPA). This study examines the evolution of crime prevention practices from traditional police-based practices that rely on focused enforcement practices, to the emerging risk reduction model, wherein police-led partnerships with community agencies are developing responses to the unmet needs of individuals and families facing acutely elevated risk (AER).”

Source: Sawatsky, M. J., Ruddell, R., & Jones, N. A. (2017).  Journal of community safety and well-being, and available from this link (open access).

How to design for large-scale multi-stakeholder co-creation initiatives: reframing crime prevention challenges with the police in Denmark

Blue Groper/Flickr

“The police in Denmark have made a strategic intent to engage and activate external stakeholders in crime prevention efforts. However, knowledge of how to unfold the potential of such multi-stakeholder, co-creation-based business models is scarce. The current study was initiated to explore the roles of design thinking and strategic visualization in designing for multi-stakeholder, co-creation-based business models.”

Source: Degnegaard, R., Degnegaard, S., & Coughlan, P. (2015).  Journal of Design, Business & Society, and available from this link (open access).


The impact of organised crime in local communities



“The Police Foundation and Perpetuity Research have completed a two-year study which focused on understanding the impact of serious organised crime in local communities and how this threat is tackled locally. Some of the most harmful crimes are unacknowledged or not prioritised by the police due to low levels of reporting and the limitations of data collected on such crime. We developed a narrative for organised crime that is rooted at the local level, with a view to recommending local solutions to improving understanding and reducing these harms.”

Source: The Police Foundation and available from this link (open access).

Refugee Outreach and Engagement Programs for Police Agencies



“By serving community members and building trust, police advance their core mission of providing public safety, because community members are more likely to report crime and talk to the police about what’s happening in their neighborhoods when they know and trust their local officers. Police outreach efforts also help to educate refugees about American laws and the legal system, which can reduce misunderstandings and help refugees to avoid breaking laws inadvertently. And community policing programs generally support the important mission of crime prevention.”

Source: Police Executive Research Form (2017) and available from this link (open access).

Community perceptions of a public sex offender registry introduced in Western Australia


“Publically accessible information about sex offenders through an online registry of sex offenders has been a polemic issue for governments, police and the wider community with debate largely driven by community expectations of police ensuring the safety of children and women from sexual predators.”

Source: Taylor, S. C. (2017). Police Practice and Research, 18(3), and available from this link (subscription journal).

Developing and delivering a National Framework for Collaborative Police Action to Intimate Partner Violence in Canada


Native fushia/PaperMonkey

“The National Framework for Collaborative Police Action to Intimate Partner Violence is a document designed to provide police services across Canada with a guide to leading practices to address intimate partner violence (IPV) and to help police leaders better inform policy development and subsequent police action. The National Framework espouses the importance of a multi-agency, multi-pronged collaborative model designed to keep individuals, families, and communities safe.”

Source: Gill, C., & Fitch, C. L. (2016).  Journal of Community Safety and Well-Being, 1(3), available from this link (open access).

Conceptual divides and practice synergies in law enforcement and public health: some lessons from policing vulnerability in Australia



“The debates about how and whether law enforcement and public health share a policy and practice mandate are perplexing. Frontline practice indicates that this intersection is de rigueur, and that practitioners from both fields see no reason why they cannot work together beneficially. Indeed, police are as much public health interventionists as health practitioners are public safety facilitators. In this article, we identify the conceptual dissonance that continues to frame the debate about law enforcement and public health, and document the practical synergies that exist (and have always existed) in both fields. We suggest that the divide between law enforcement and public health is futile, and that the shared concept of vulnerability in policing, health and law can do much to foster better collaborative practices, policies and shared understandings.”

Source: Bartkowiak-Théron, I., & Asquith, N. L. (2017). Policing and Society, 27(3), and available from this link (subscription journal).