Posts Categorised: Community engagement

Police perceptions of young people: a qualitative analysis


“Police views of young people inform the way they exercise discretion over this group. However, few studies have sought to formally document and examine police views of young people. The limited existing research is also mostly dated. This article begins to address this gap in the literature by presenting the results of semi-structured qualitative interviews with 41 police officers from Queensland, Australia. Stemming from a larger study of Police-Citizens Youth Clubs and using a grounded theory approach to data analysis, the article demonstrates the key ways in which police conceptualised young people.”

Source: Richards, K., Cross, C., & Dwyer, A. (2018). Police Practice and Research, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Contact is a stronger predictor of attitudes toward police than race: a state-of-the-art review

Blue Groper/Flickr

“This scoping review thoroughly scanned research on race, contacts with police and attitudes toward police. An exploratory meta-analysis then assessed the strength of their associations and interaction in Canada and the USA. Key knowledge gaps and specific future research needs, synthetic and primary, were identified. The paper aims to discuss these issues.”

Source: Alberton, A. & Gorey, K. (2018). Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Police Effectiveness in a Changing World: Slough site report

Clouds and pine trees/Flickr

“Throughout the project we drew on the wider evidence-base on police effectiveness to promote local partnerships, to better deal with the ‘changing world’ and to find sustainable solutions to local crime problems. Most importantly we sought to learn lessons from the process of working with forces on the ground.”

Source: The Police Foundation (UK) and available from this link (open access).

Leadership to create public value and Q-methodology


“Quoc Vo from Thames Valley Police worked with Professor Jean Hartley from The Open University as a Senior Practitioner Fellow on the leadership to create public value research project. Quoc talks about the study of how police officers and staff, as well as public service partners and members of the public see the most important policing priorities and pioneering the use of Q-methodology.”

Source: Vo, Q. (2017). The Open University Business School YouTube Channel and available from this link (open access).

Evaluating the Effects of Police Body-Worn Cameras: A Randomized Controlled Trial


“Police officer body-worn cameras (BWCs) have been promoted as a technological mechanism that will improve policing and the perceived legitimacy of the police and legal institutions. While there is a national movement to deploy BWCs widely, evidence of their effectiveness is limited. To estimate the average effects of BWCs, we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 2,224 Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) officers in Washington, DC. The primary outcomes of interest were documented uses of force and civilian complaints, although we also measure a variety of additional policing activities and judicial outcomes. We estimated very small average treatment effects on all measured outcomes, none of which rose to statistical significance.”

Source: Yokum, D., Ravishankar, A., & Coppock, A. (2017). The Lab@DC and available from this link (open access).

Police officers’ perceptions of organizational justice and their trust in the public


“Research in organizational psychology has consistently demonstrated that employee perceptions of organizational justice have significant effects on employee attitudes, perceptions, and behaviors. Similar studies utilizing the organizational justice model in policing have also noted these effects, including the relationship of justice perceptions with officer attitudes toward the public. Recent theoretical developments in policing contend that the association between internal perceptions of justice and external attitudes may be the result of organizational and supervisory practices that ‘trickle-down’ into the police-community relationship.”

Source: Carr, J. D., & Maxwell, S. R. (2017). Police Practice and Research and available from this link (open access).

Outside the Academy: Learning Community Policing through Community Engagement



“Recent events highlight the need for many law enforcement agencies to focus on transparency, re-establish legitimacy, and continue to improve strained community relations. Community policing, long lauded as a potential solution to improve community-police relations, may be an important component. The Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) conceptually defines community policing as a “philosophy that promotes organizational strategies that support the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to proactively address the immediate conditions that give rise to public safety issues such as crime, social disorder, and fear of crime.” (COPS, 2014). ”

Source: Kringen, A., & Kringen, J. (2017). Ideas in American Policing and available from this link (open access).

A quantitative study of Prince Albert’s crime/risk reduction approach to community safety



“Faced with escalating crime rates and increasing demands for services, the Prince Albert Police Service led a mobilization effort to implement a crime/risk reduction strategy called Community Mobilization Prince Albert (CMPA). This study examines the evolution of crime prevention practices from traditional police-based practices that rely on focused enforcement practices, to the emerging risk reduction model, wherein police-led partnerships with community agencies are developing responses to the unmet needs of individuals and families facing acutely elevated risk (AER).”

Source: Sawatsky, M. J., Ruddell, R., & Jones, N. A. (2017).  Journal of community safety and well-being, and available from this link (open access).

How to design for large-scale multi-stakeholder co-creation initiatives: reframing crime prevention challenges with the police in Denmark

Blue Groper/Flickr

“The police in Denmark have made a strategic intent to engage and activate external stakeholders in crime prevention efforts. However, knowledge of how to unfold the potential of such multi-stakeholder, co-creation-based business models is scarce. The current study was initiated to explore the roles of design thinking and strategic visualization in designing for multi-stakeholder, co-creation-based business models.”

Source: Degnegaard, R., Degnegaard, S., & Coughlan, P. (2015).  Journal of Design, Business & Society, and available from this link (open access).


The impact of organised crime in local communities



“The Police Foundation and Perpetuity Research have completed a two-year study which focused on understanding the impact of serious organised crime in local communities and how this threat is tackled locally. Some of the most harmful crimes are unacknowledged or not prioritised by the police due to low levels of reporting and the limitations of data collected on such crime. We developed a narrative for organised crime that is rooted at the local level, with a view to recommending local solutions to improving understanding and reducing these harms.”

Source: The Police Foundation and available from this link (open access).