“In this paper we endeavour to isolate the top ten innovations and developments that have occurred in policing in the last thirty years. We consider that each of them brought about a new mindset, pattern or trend into contemporary police practice. We have focused our attention on the last thirty years because it is during this time that we have both maintained a keen academic interest in the field. While we have focused our attention on the way in which each has affected Australian policing, we are cognisant of the fact that many of them had their roots in other settings long before Australian policy-makers adopted or adapted them.”
Source: Sarre, R., & Prenzler, T. (2017). Police Practice and Research, and available from this link (subscription journal).
“The specially commissioned papers collected together to form this Evidence Review have been written by a group of international policing experts with extensive experience as academic researchers, senior practitioners and policy makers. The strategic importance of this evidence review is that it embodies an evidence-based approach to policing, which values the role of research, science, evaluation and analysis to inform decision making within police organisations.”
Source: Scottish Institute of Policing Research and available from this link (open access).
“The purpose of this study was to examine the effects on individual perceived health of the factors organizational culture, working conditions, physical and mental health, and presenteeism, as moderated by lifestyle factors. A detailed comparison was made between the uniformed police division and the criminal investigation department to explore their perceptions of the supportiveness of their subcultures, working conditions and perceived health.”
Source: Jablonowski, L. (2017). International Journal of Police Science & Management, and available from this link (subscription journal).
“The purpose of this paper is to examine Australian efforts to promote gender equality in policing, suggesting that future police leaders will be confronted with the challenge of ensuring that their organisations are not only demographically diverse, but more importantly, that they are inclusive.”
Source: McLeod, A., & Herrington, V. (2017). International Journal of Emergency Services and available from this link (subscription journal).
“Policing domestic violence is a complex area in which there are divergent views about the extent to which front line police action should be mandated by legislation and guidance. This study set in Victoria, Australia raised questions about the balance between discretion and compulsion in policing domestic violence through researching the implementation of the Code of Practice used to respond to domestic violence incidents.”
Source: Diemer, K., Ross, S., Humphreys, C., & Healey, L. (2017). Police Practice and Research, and available from this link (subscription journal).
“The purpose of this paper is to consider a challenge to an occupational jurisdiction in the British police. Historically, street cops have defended the importance of operational credibility as a way of sustaining the value of experience, and inhibiting attempts to introduce external leaders. This has generated a particular form of policing and leadership that is deemed by the British Government as inadequate to face the problems of the next decade.”
Source: Grint, K., Holt, C., & Neyroud, P. (2017). International Journal of Emergency Services, and available from this link (subscription journal).
Native correa/Paper Monkey
“Proactive policing, as a strategic approach used by police agencies to prevent crime, is a relatively new phenomenon in the United States. It developed from a crisis in confidence in policing that began to emerge in the 1960s because of social unrest, rising crime rates, and growing skepticism regarding the effectiveness of standard approaches to policing. In response, beginning in the 1980s and 1990s, innovative police practices and policies that took a more proactive approach began to develop. This report uses the term “proactive policing” to refer to all policing strategies that have as one of their goals the prevention or reduction of crime and disorder and that are not reactive in terms of focusing primarily on uncovering ongoing crime or on investigating or responding to crimes once they have occurred.”
Source: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (2017) and the ebook (336 pages) is available from this link (open access).
“One-third of police chiefs and sheriffs have a graduate degree, and one-third of sworn officers have a bachelor’s degree or higher, according to a new study from Cal State Fullerton’s Center for Public Policy and the Police Foundation.” The study examined the role of higher education in policing and surveyed 958 law enforcement agencies from every state in the USA.
Source: Gardiner, C. (2017). Center for Public Policy and available from this link (open access).
“The paper draws on interviews with senior Metropolitan Police officers, press officers and national crime journalists and argues that previous conclusions about asymmetrical relations favouring the police are partially problematic, with the media being in possession of key resources that often give them the upper hand. The paper also explores the role of new media in crime reporting and exposing police misconduct and suggests a new transfiguration may be emerging in police/media relations, allowing the media partially to bypass police sources.”
Source: Colbran, M. P. (2017). British Journal of Criminology, and available from this link (subscription journal)
“Half of the Metropolitan Police Officers do not live in London and this badly affects the way our city is policed. The phenomenon of the “commuter cop” makes it harder to deploy officers quickly in emergencies, such as riots or terrorist attacks; reduces the police presence in London; reduces officers’ contact with the communities they serve; and contributes to the Met’s continued difficulty in recruiting a force that reflects the diversity of London.”
Source: Gaskarth, G. (2016). Policy Exchange and available from this link (open access).