Know it Now | Australian Institute of Police Management

Multi-site musculoskeletal pain in Swedish police: associations with discomfort from wearing mandatory equipment and prolonged sitting

Grevillea

“Musculoskeletal disorders are considered as a major issue affecting the health and well-being of active duty police. Discomfort from wearing mandatory equipment and sitting for long periods of time in fleet vehicles are workload factors linked to musculoskeletal disorders in police. This study aims to determine the prevalence of multi-site musculoskeletal pain among Swedish police and to explore the possible association to discomfort experience when wearing mandatory equipment and sitting for long periods in fleet vehicles.”

Source: Larsen, L. B., Andersson, E. E., Tranberg, R., & Ramstrand, N. (2018). International archives of occupational and environmental health, and available from this link (open access).

Building resilience, demolishing accountability? The role of Europol in counter-terrorism

Manly dawn/Griffin

“In Europe, as in most countries of the world, building resilience to terrorism is a key concern at the moment. One way of building resilience out of many, is to normalise and depoliticise counterterrorist measures by giving powers over them to seemingly non-political and technical actors, the police. These attempts to build resilience to terrorism by normalising counterterrorist procedures may lead to losing political powers to bureaucracies and even third states. The role of Europol in countering terrorism serves as an example to demonstrate this development.”

Source: Jansson, J. (2018) Policing and Society, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Procedural justice training for police recruits: results of a randomized controlled trial

Collins Beach

“Procedural justice training for police officers is designed to improve officers’ interactions with the public. Aside from the fact that it is a given that citizens deserve to be treated in a fair manner by authorities such as the police, it is expected, based on the literature, that if the police act in a procedurally just manner they will be seen as more legitimate and citizens will subsequently be more willing to cooperate or comply with them. The present study was designed to evaluate the impact of a specifically designed procedural justice knowledge and skills-based training program on newly recruited police officers’ attitudes and interactions with the public.”

Source: Antrobus, E., Thompson, I. & Ariel, B. (2018). J Exp Criminol and available available from this link (subscription journal).

Justice reinvestment in Australia: A review of the literature

Path/PaperMonkey

“Justice reinvestment (JR) is a data-driven approach to reducing criminal justice system expenditure and improving criminal justice system outcomes through reductions in imprisonment and offending. JR is a comprehensive strategy that employs targeted, evidence-based interventions to achieve cost savings that can be reinvested to further improve social and criminal justice outcomes.”

Source: Willis M & Kapira M. (2018). AIC Research Report and available from this link (open access).

Interagency collaboration models for people with mental ill health in contact with the police: a systematic scoping review

Manly/Flickr

“We identified 13 different interagency collaboration models catering for a range of mental health-related interactions. All but one of these models involved the police and mental health services or professionals. Several models have sufficient literature to warrant full systematic reviews of their effectiveness, whereas others need robust evaluation, by randomised controlled trial where appropriate. Future evaluations should focus on health-related outcomes and the impact on key stakeholders.”

Source: Parker, A., Scantlebury, A., Booth, A., MacBryde, J. C., Scott, W. J., Wright, K., & McDaid, C. (2018). BMJ open, and available from this link (open access).

Policing the ‘Middle of Nowhere’: Officer Working Strategies in Isolated Communities

Early morning light on North Head/M. Hardy

“Thousands of isolated communities across the globe are policed by officers who confront the challenges posed by distinctive geographic and environmental conditions, and many serve in places with a high proportion of economically and politically marginalized peoples in the population. This study reports the results of a survey soliciting the perceptions of 827 Canadian officers working in Indigenous communities; 260 of whom were deployed in isolated locations.”

Source: Ruddell, R., & Jones, N. A. (2018). Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice and available from this link (subscription journal).

Podcast: Seeing the policy big picture

Shelly Beach/Flickr

“Anyone engaged in policymaking knows that it’s a complex business. But how often do policymakers take the time to think about the number of complex systems that have a bearing on their work? On the latest podcast, Helen Sullivan chats with Deborah Blackman, Claudia Pahl-Wostl, and Datu Buyung Agusdinata about how thinking about the science of systems can lead to better policymaking.”

Source: Policy Forum Pod and available from this link (open access).

 

 

ASIO’s questioning and detention powers

Duck/Griffin

“Review of the operation, effectiveness and implications of Division 3 of Part III of the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation Act 1979….The first chapter describes the current questioning and detention powers, the legislative history and use of the powers, and previous independent reviews. It also considers the extraordinary nature of the questioning and detention powers, and provides an overview of the current security environment. Chapter 2 considers the need for an ASIO questioning power and need for an ASIO detention power in the current context; and; Chapter 3 considers the possible form of a future questioning model and presents the Committee’s findings.”

Source: Parliamentary Joint Committee on Intelligence and Security and available from this link [Open access]

A step towards improving workflow practices for volume crime investigations: outcomes of a 90-day trial in South Australia

Dusk/PaperMonkey

“The South Australia End to End 90-Day Trial: facilitating quicker justice through timely evidence processing, is a collaborative approach between South Australia Police and Forensic Science South Australia. This trial applied evidence-based policing principles, a law enforcement philosophy that uses research undertaken with scientific processes to inform law-enforcement decision-making. The results demonstrate how a review of processes and the removal of non-value adding activities can improve service delivery while not exhausting those ‘finite resources’.”

Source: Brown, C. M., Clark, Y., Julian, R., & Kelty, S. (2018).  Police Practice and Research, and available from this link (subscription journal)

Is the world getting better or worse? A look at the numbers

Morning swim/Flickr

“Was 2017 really the “worst year ever,” as some would have us believe? In his analysis of recent data on homicide, war, poverty, pollution and more, psychologist Steven Pinker finds that we’re doing better now in every one of them when compared with 30 years ago. But progress isn’t inevitable, and it doesn’t mean everything gets better for everyone all the time, Pinker says. Instead, progress is problem-solving, and we should look at things like climate change and nuclear war as problems to be solved, not apocalypses in waiting.”

Source: Pinker, S. (2018). TED talks and available from this link (open access). 

The bookThe better angels of our nature : a history of violence and humanity/Pinker available from AIPM Library.