Know it Now | Page 2 of 65 | Australian Institute of Police Management

Is the world getting better or worse? A look at the numbers

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“Was 2017 really the “worst year ever,” as some would have us believe? In his analysis of recent data on homicide, war, poverty, pollution and more, psychologist Steven Pinker finds that we’re doing better now in every one of them when compared with 30 years ago. But progress isn’t inevitable, and it doesn’t mean everything gets better for everyone all the time, Pinker says. Instead, progress is problem-solving, and we should look at things like climate change and nuclear war as problems to be solved, not apocalypses in waiting.”

Source: Pinker, S. (2018). TED talks and available from this link (open access). 

The bookThe better angels of our nature : a history of violence and humanity/Pinker available from AIPM Library.

Inquiry into drug law reform

Manly at Dusk/Flickr

“There is also growing recognition among governments and the community that greater balance between traditional law enforcement and health‑based responses will have a broader positive effect on the health and safety of communities. This was a driving factor of the Committee’s investigations and its suite of coordinated and innovative reform recommendations. These recommendations acknowledge that while people continue to use substances, whether illicit or pharmaceutical, more needs to be done to minimise the associated harms.”

Source: Parliament of Victoria. Law Reform, Road and Community Safety Committee (2018). Available from this link (open access).

Prevent crime and save money: Return-on-investment models in Australia

North Head/Flickr

“Finding effective ways to prevent crime is important. This project was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of combining data from a 12-year Australian longitudinal study (N=2,885) with prevention strategy investment data to estimate potential returns, including a reduction in intimate partner violence and prison entry. The project investigated the return on investment achievable in Victoria with a $150 million investment in a mix of six evidence based prevention strategies.”

Source: Heerde J. (2018). Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice and available from this link (open access).

Can experience be evidence? Craft knowledge and evidence-based policing

North Head

“This article explores the use of evidence and varieties of knowledge in police decision making. It surveys official government policy, demonstrating that evidence-based policymaking is the dominant policy-making paradigm in the United Kingdom. It discusses the limits to social science knowledge in policymaking. The article explores four ideas associated with the notion of ‘experience’: occupational culture, institutional memory, local knowledge and craft, drawing on data from four UK police forces. We discuss the limits to experiential knowledge and conclude that experience is crucial to evidence-based policing and decision-making because it is the key to weaving the varieties of knowledge together.”

Source: Fleming, J., & Rhodes, R. (2018). Policy & Politics, and available from this link (open access).

Categories: Learning, Police

The Police Response to Mass Demonstrations: Promising Practices and Lessons Learned

Blue Groper/Flickr

“In the last several years, the nature of mass demonstrations in the United States has changed, including the types of issues protested and people’s means of organizing mass demonstrations. People are often protesting police and police actions in addition to economic or social issues. Many demonstrations are no longer planned by established organizations; rather, demonstrations happen more spontaneously and quickly, as individuals interested in certain issues can easily find each other on social media. Demonstrators can also use cell phones to send live video coverage of demonstrations to viewers around the world.”

Source: Police Executive Research Forum (2018). Available from this link (open access).

Structure That’s Not Stifling

The Bower/Flickr

“Leaders know they need to give people room to be their best, to pursue unconventional ideas, and to make smart decisions in the moment. It’s been said so often that it’s a cliché. But here’s the problem: Executives have trouble resolving the tension between employee empowerment and operational discipline. This challenge is so difficult that it ties companies up in knots. Indeed, it has led to decades’ worth of management experiments, from matrix structures to self-managed teams. None of them has offered a clear answer.”

Source: Gulati, R. (2018). Harvard Business Review and available from this link (open access with personal registration).

Can major post-event inquiries and reviews contribute to lessons management?

Manly/Flickr

“Significant disaster and emergency management events are invariably followed by formal post-event inquiries and reviews. Such reviews identify lessons to improve future capacities and set the agenda for policy and management reform for emergency management organisations. As a result, there is a substantial body of reflections and recommendations gathered across all hazard types and jurisdictions by formal, structured inquiry processes that contribute to lessons management for the emergency sector. However, whether there is any coherence or core lessons emerging for the Australian sector from the totality of post-event inquiries is unknown. The work reported here identifies the recommendations from these inquiries. A meta-analysis of 1336 recommendations made in 55 Australian major post-event reviews and inquiries since 2009 revealed common themes.”

Source: Cole, L., Dovers, S., Gough, M., & Eburn, M. (2018).  Australian Journal of Emergency Management and available from this link (open access).

What about AI in criminal intelligence? From predictive policing to AI perspectives

Surf boat/M. Hardy

“The Gendarmerie Nationale in France carried out through the concept of criminal intelligence a way to provide relevant information to describe, understand and foresee crime at different scales: operational, tactic and strategic. The aim is to upgrade the process of decision-making. Because crime is nor a random process neither a deterministic process, some features exist to characterise it.”

Source: Perrot, P. (2017).  European Police Science and Research Bulletin and available from this link (open access).

LEO Near Miss Reporting System

Lapwings/Griffin

In this podcast, Jim Burch, Vice President of Strategic Initiatives at the Police Foundation, discusses the LEO Near Miss System.

Source: COPS Office: The Beat podcasts and available from this link (open access).

Evaluation of a domestic violence treatment program

Manly Harbour/M. Hardy

“The treatment program for domestic violence offenders known as DVEQUIPS does not appear to reduce the risk of re-offending, according to an evaluation of the program completed by the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research (BOCSAR). DVEQUIPS is a behaviour change program offered to medium and high-risk domestic violence offenders who are serving custodial or community-based sanctions and have a current or past domestic offence. The BOCSAR evaluation focussed on offenders placed on community-based sanctions.”

Source: Rahman, S. and Poynton, S. (2018). Crime and Justice Bulletin and available from this link (open access).