Know it Now | Page 7 of 69 | Australian Institute of Police Management

Report of the 2017 Independent Intelligence Review

Manly Sunset/Flickr

“The 2017 Independent Intelligence Review found that Australia’s intelligence agencies are highly capable and held in high regard by their international partner agencies. The Review also found that as a result of transforming geopolitical, economic, societal and technological changes, the intelligence community will be faced with challenges that will intensify over the coming decade.”

Source: L’Estrange, M. & Merchant, S. (2017). Dept of Prime Minister and Cabinet and available from this link (open access).

Gender diversity from the top: the trickle-down effect in the Australian public sector

Manly at dusk/Flickr

“Organisational strategies to achieve gender diversity have tended to focus on ‘bottom-up’ approaches such as mentoring or leadership training. We investigate an alternative ‘top-down’ approach: the trickle-down effect. We integrate theories from the psychology and management literatures to hypothesise a positive relationship between female representation at two levels. Data from 20 departments in an Australian public service were collected for the period 2002–2012.”

Source: Gould, J. A., Kulik, C. T., & Sardeshmukh, S. R. (2017). Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources and available from this link (subscription journal).

Fostering Innovation in the Public Sector

Manly/Flickr

“Public sector innovation does not happen by itself: problems need to be identified, and ideas translated into projects that can be tested, implemented and shared. To do so, public sector organisations must identify the processes and structures that can support and accelerate innovation. This report looks at how governments can create an environment that fosters innovation.”

Source: OECD (2017). Available from this link (open access).

A quantitative study of Prince Albert’s crime/risk reduction approach to community safety

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Surfing/Griffin

“Faced with escalating crime rates and increasing demands for services, the Prince Albert Police Service led a mobilization effort to implement a crime/risk reduction strategy called Community Mobilization Prince Albert (CMPA). This study examines the evolution of crime prevention practices from traditional police-based practices that rely on focused enforcement practices, to the emerging risk reduction model, wherein police-led partnerships with community agencies are developing responses to the unmet needs of individuals and families facing acutely elevated risk (AER).”

Source: Sawatsky, M. J., Ruddell, R., & Jones, N. A. (2017).  Journal of community safety and well-being, and available from this link (open access).

Whole of Government: the Solution to Managing Crises?

Kangaroo Paw/PaperMonkey

“The frequency and severity of natural disasters has placed a clear emphasis on the role of governments in responding to these crises. During the past decade, disaster events have had a significant impact on the relevant communities as well as raising questions regarding the role of government and the bureaucratic coordination of planning and response processes. These events have placed a renewed focus on the ability of governments to plan, prepare, and respond in an effective way to crises. They have also tended to indicate that there remain serious challenges to government coordination and that crises create a unique series of challenges for the public sector.”

Source: Carayannopoulos, G. (2017). Australian Journal of Public Administration, 76(2), and available from this link (subscription journal).

A New Canteen Culture: The Potential to Use Social Media as Evidence in Policing

Manly Cove/Flickr

“This article suggests that these private narratives offer both the research community and students of policing a new form of knowledge capture and creation, and one that allows insight into the changing nature of the policing sphere. This article explores and promotes both the importance and the implications of innovative practices in relation to the use of social media as police knowledge, offering two examples to support the proposition.”

Source: Hesketh, I., & Williams, E. (2017).  Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Police officer understandings of human trafficking and awareness of anti-trafficking measures

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Dawn/G. Griffin

“The purpose of this paper is to explore the police officer understandings of human trafficking and their awareness of relevant anti-trafficking policy and legislation, and identify whether this awareness was confined to particular officer demographics. The study utilised a mixed-methods design, drawing on data from an online survey of 87 police officers from Tasmania.”

Source: Nathan Irwin, (2017). Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management, 40/2, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Categories: Law Enforcement, Police

Mixed signals for police improvement

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Manly/Griffin

“The development of a Crime Severity Score for England and Wales by the Office for National Statistics represents an important step towards a more sophisticated, two dimensional understanding of police recorded crime data. In the first paper in the Perspectives in policing series Andy Higgins examines what it tells us about recent changes in the policing environment, considers its limitations as a tool for understanding crime and flags up some potential hazards in its usage, particularly as a tool for making judgements about ‘performance’.”

Source:  Higgins, A. (2017). Perspectives in policing. Police Foundation (UK) and available from this link (open access).

Cialdini Asks: Adam Grant

AIPM

Lichen/PaperMonkey

“Today, I interview Adam Grant, Professor of Management at the Wharton University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of two New York Times bestsellers, Originals and Give and Take, and he recently published Option B with Sheryl Sandberg. Adam’s 2016 TED Talk was watched almost 6 million times, and he has been recognized as one of the world’s 25 most influential management thinkers.”

Source: Cialdini, R. (2017). Influence at Work website and the podcast (28 minutes) available from this link (open access).

Categories: Leadership, Management

Promoting a culture of fairness: police training, procedural justice, and compliance

Water Dragon/M. Hardy

“Academics and practitioners alike are concerned about the potential “double-edged sword” of procedural justice. In the organizational context, procedural justice is expected to increase compliance with supervisors. However, blind, unthinking, or “hard” compliance with supervisors, may lead to anti-organizational behavior and misconduct. The present study examines the moderating effect of a police recruit cultural training program on the relationship between procedural justice and compliance with police supervisors. We expect that providing cultural training will moderate the relationship between procedural justice and “hard” compliance.”

Source: Sargeant, E., Antrobus, E. & Platz, D. (2017). Journal of Experimental Criminology and available from this link (subscription journal).