Know it Now | Page 7 of 59 | Australian Institute of Police Management

We’ve stopped trusting institutions and started trusting strangers

NSW Police horses/Flickr

“Something profound is changing our concept of trust, says Rachel Botsman. While we used to place our trust in institutions like governments and banks, today we increasingly rely on others, often strangers, on platforms like Airbnb and Uber and through technologies like the blockchain. This new era of trust could bring with it a more transparent, inclusive and accountable society — if we get it right. Who do you trust?”

Source: Botsman, R. (2016). TED talk (17:05 minutes) and available from this link (open access). 

Why Performance Management Should Not Be Like Dieting

Cabbage Tree pool/Flickr

“This paper proposes lessons can be learnt from adopting the analogy of ‘dieting’. Short-term weight-loss practices can lead to a cyclical pattern that generates weight gain, rather than loss, in longer term. This occurs due to dieters following fads focused on short-term loss, rather than habitual modifications necessary for long-term weight change. This may explain why despite organisations pursuing the perfect employee performance management system (akin to dieting fads), they remain ineffective. We argue that compliance-based approaches encourage a short-term focus on completing the process (known pejoratively as ‘tick-and-flick’). However, where performance management is considered core business, more sustainable practices emerge.”

Source: Blackman, D., Buick, F., & O’Donnell, M. (2017). Australian Journal of Public Administration and available from this link (subscription journal).

Commuter Cops: Helping our police to live in the city they serve

Flannel flower/Flickr

“Half of the Metropolitan Police Officers do not live in London and this badly affects the way our city is policed. The phenomenon of the “commuter cop” makes it harder to deploy officers quickly in emergencies, such as riots or terrorist attacks; reduces the police presence in London; reduces officers’ contact with the communities they serve; and contributes to the Met’s continued difficulty in recruiting a force that reflects the diversity of London.”

Source: Gaskarth, G. (2016). Policy Exchange and available from this link (open access).

The concept and measurement of violence against women and men

Collins Beach/Flickr

“How should research and new ways of thinking about violence improve its measurement? Could improved measurement change policy? The book is a guide to how the measurement of violence can be best achieved. It shows how to make femicide, rape, domestic violence, and FGM visible in official statistics. It offers practical guidance on definitions, indicators and coordination mechanisms. It reflects on theoretical debates on ‘what is gender’, ‘what is violence’, and ‘the concept of coercive control’. and introduces the concept of ‘gender saturated context’. Analysing the socially constructed nature of statistics and the links between knowledge and power, it sets new standards and guidelines to influence the measurement of violence in the coming decades.”

Source: Walby, S. ert al. (2017). Policy Press and available from this link (open access).

From research outcome to agency change: mapping a learning trajectory of opportunities and challenges

Manly dawn/Griffin

“To create the best conditions for organisational learning a literature review of learning lessons in emergency management was conducted. Practitioners were also interviewed to understand the contexts and challenges faced in implementing research insights and in facilitating change. This paper presents two studies that examine aspects of organisational learning. In the first study, the challenges to learning from action and experience and from reflection and planning are examined. In the second study, the systems for learning used in emergency services organisations are considered and a preliminary theory of research utilisation maturity is proposed. The initiatives reported help to maximise the value of research and supports innovation through utilisation.”

Source: Owen, C., Krusel, N., Bearman, C., and Brooks, B. (2017) Australian Journal of Emergency Management and available from this link (open access).

The Overcommitted Organization

Grasses/Eva

“Over the past 15 years, we have studied collaboration in hundreds of teams, in settings as varied as professional services, oil and gas, high tech, and consumer goods. By carefully observing people during various stages of project-driven work, we have learned a tremendous amount about multi-teaming. In this article we discuss why it is so prevalent in today’s economy, examine the key problems that crop up for organizational and team leaders, and provide recommendations for how to solve them.”

Source: Mortensen, M & Gardner, H. (2017). Harvard Business Review, and available form this link (open access, with personal registration).

Evaluations of post-disaster recovery: A review of practice material

Coral Tree flower

“This paper reviews evaluations of post-disaster recovery efforts. The focus is on operational material and other ‘grey literature’ from disasters that have occurred in Australia, New Zealand and internationally. We develop a typology that categorises disaster events and includes whether evaluations were undertaken; the methods used; and whether the evaluations focused on the processes or outcomes of the recovery program. The review finds a lack of evaluation of post-disaster recovery.”

Source: Ryan, R., Wortley, L., & Ní Shé, É. (2016). Evidence Base and available from this link (open access).

Toward more practical measurement of teamwork skills

Manly beach/Flickr

“The purpose of this study was to take a fresh look at how well instruments commonly used to calibrate teamwork skills reflect the reality of today’s workplace. Given the number of teamwork skills instruments that have been available for many decades, the question was, why still are so many workplace teams not successful?”

Source: Brock, S. E.(2017).  Journal of Workplace Learning, and available from this link (subscription journal).

Police techniques for investigating serious violent crime: A systematic review

North Head/Hardy

“Police use a variety of techniques in their investigation of serious violent crimes, such as homicide, robbery, assault and sexual assault. This paper systematically reviews experimental and quasiexperimental research on the effectiveness of these investigative techniques. Meta-analysis was used to combine effect sizes across multiple studies examining the same technique, crime and outcome.”

Source: Higginson, A.,  Eggins, E. & Mazerolle, L. (2017). Trends & issues in crime and criminal justice and available from this link (open access). 

Categories: Law Enforcement

Evaluating the Effects of Police Body-Worn Cameras: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Grevillea

“Police officer body-worn cameras (BWCs) have been promoted as a technological mechanism that will improve policing and the perceived legitimacy of the police and legal institutions. While there is a national movement to deploy BWCs widely, evidence of their effectiveness is limited. To estimate the average effects of BWCs, we conducted a randomized controlled trial involving 2,224 Metropolitan Police Department (MPD) officers in Washington, DC. The primary outcomes of interest were documented uses of force and civilian complaints, although we also measure a variety of additional policing activities and judicial outcomes. We estimated very small average treatment effects on all measured outcomes, none of which rose to statistical significance.”

Source: Yokum, D., Ravishankar, A., & Coppock, A. (2017). The Lab@DC and available from this link (open access).